Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a process in which sperm is placed directly into a woman’s uterus during ovulation. IUI patients are typically prescribed ovulation-stimulating drugs and use an ovulation predictor kit (OPK) to detect ovulation. IUI procedures occur 24-48 hours after the LH surge is detected or after a “trigger” injection has been administered. During the IUI procedure, a soft catheter is inserted directly into the woman’s uterus to deposit the sperm. IUI is a relatively quick and noninvasive procedure that is performed without anesthesia. Most women report little to no pain, although some women may experience mild discomfort and cramping.
At ART, we perform IUIs with either fresh sperm from a sexually intimate partner (SIP) or frozen sperm from a SIP or donor. For fresh inseminations, the male partner will produce a sample at our clinic. The Andrologists on site will then prepare the sperm for IUI. Sperm is processed in order to select the motile sperm, and the final “pellet” is washed in media to cleanse the sperm of potentially toxic chemicals.